Horticultural science is the only plant science that incorporates both the science and aesthetics of plants. It is the science and art of producing edible fruits, vegetables, flowers, herbs, and ornamental plants, improving and commercializing them.
Crop science, also called agronomy, is the science of the producing the world’s major food groups, grain, feed, turf, and fiber crops, and incorporates production, improvement and marketing. Meanwhile, botany is the academic study of plants, and does not incorporate the applications of plant use, improvement or marketing.
Horticulture is an application science – the science developed by horticulturists is applied to plant production, improvement, marketing and the enhancement of Earth’s human and animal life.
Production and consumption of high quality fruits and vegetables allows us to maintain a healthy, balanced daily diet. Flowers and ornamental plants enrich our homes and communities, and contribute to our sense of well-being. Horticulture impacts our lives on a daily basis by providing nutritious fruits and vegetables, offering visual enjoyment, and promoting recreational activities.